The Platt amendment was one of the most important events in Cuban-American relations. A simple definition of the Platt Amendment is that it is an amendment passed in 1901 that provides guidelines that allowed the United States to retain its influence in Cuba after Cuba`s independence. What did the Platt amendment do? He gave the United States the right to have a naval base in Cuba, to intervene in Cuban affairs and to control Cuba`s agreements with other countries, among other things. Although the Platt Amendment was created to protect U.S. interests in Cuba, it was largely escased in Cuba and almost completely repealed in 1934, even though the U.S. naval base at Guantanamo Bay in Cuba is still in operation. The Platt Amendment remained in effect until 1934, when U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt`s Good Neighborly Policy repealed most of the amendment in response to an increase in Cuban resentment. In 1898, the United States fought in the Spanish-American War and occupied Cuba as part of its involvement in maintaining the island`s new independence. At the end of the war, the United States still wanted to maintain its influence in Cuba. To this end, the Platt amendment was adopted.
Read this guide to find out what Platt`s addendum entails, why it was created, what important data is associated with it, and how its effects are experienced today, including how it led to the creation of Guantanamo Bay. U.S. officials later included the change in a permanent treaty with Cuba in 1903. In 1934, however, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt`s policy of “good neighborliness” toward Latin America, combined with new criticisms of the Platt Amendment resulting from a growing wave of Cuban nationalism, led to the repeal of the Platt Amendment. However, one provision remained in place, and that was the continued lease of the Guantánamo Bay naval base – an issue that, to this day, helps define Cuban-American relations. The provisions contained in the amendment prohibited Cuba from allowing foreign powers to use the island as a military base. They also prohibited Cuba from negotiating treaties with countries that could threaten Cuba`s “independence” and granted the United States the right to interfere in Cuban affairs as it pleased. Among the remaining conditions for the U.S. withdrawal, perhaps the one that had the most impact on Cuban-U.S. relations was a provision that allowed the U.S. to lease territory to Cuba for use as a naval station.
This station eventually became the U.S. naval base at Guantánamo Bay. Preamble: For the recognition of the independence of the Cuban people, demand that the Spanish Government relinquish its authority and government over the island of Cuba and withdraw its land and naval forces from Cuba and Cuban waters, and order the President of the United States to use the land and naval forces of the United States to promulgate these resolutions, The President is authorized to “leave the government and control of the island of Cuba to his people” as soon as a government has been established on that island in accordance with a constitution that establishes the future relations of the United States with Cuba, either within the framework of that constitution or in an ordinance annexed thereto […].