Concerns about nuclear safety have also sparked protests on the domestic political front. These protests were the result of several concerns, such as. B diversion of water to plants, environmental degradation, land acquisition and rehabilitation issues. For example, in 1990, shortly after the announcement of the Kudankulam project in the state of Tamil Nadu, local residents protested against the diversion of water for the reactors of the Pechiparai dam in Kanyakumari district.  In a post-Fukushima world, a number of concerns have been expressed about the safety of the Kudankulam plant, which have sparked further protests. Nearly a few thousand protesters were arrested and charged with sedition.  In an energy-hungry world, the potential of nuclear power must be recognized as an important and cleaner option in India`s energy basket. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs has made it very clear that we will not recognize India as a nuclear-weapon state.  In October 2008, India and the United States signed a pioneering agreement allowing India access to civilian nuclear fuel and technology in the United States. What makes this agreement so important? How can India benefit? Here are some answers to these questions: On December 5, 2008, the two countries signed an agreement on the construction of four additional units in Kudankulam and on the development of new sites.  Russia welcomed India`s decision to establish a “Global Centre for Nuclear Partnership” in 2010 and expressed its readiness to discuss future cooperation with this centre. Together with Kudankulam, India has agreed to identify a second site to accelerate the possibility of continuing cooperation with Russia and cooperating with at least 12 units over the next 20 years.  India and Russia agreed to consider cooperation with third countries on the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
One of the main proponents of the deal was India`s top strategic affairs analyst, K. Subrahmanyam, also known for his long and controversial commitment to an Indian nuclear deterrent.  He argued that the convergence of strategic interests between the two nations forced such a remarkable move by the United States, which reversed its decades-long position on non-proliferation, and that it would be unwise for India to reject such an opening.  He also argued that it would be even more reckless for the Indian elite not to recognize new geopolitical realities.   On March 2, 2006, George W. Bush and Manmohan Singh signed a civil nuclear cooperation agreement following the establishment of a civil nuclear cooperation agreement between the two leaders held in Washington in July 2005.  This is the first nuclear reactor in Bangladesh and the third in Southeast Asia, after India and Pakistan. . .